Gas-fired steam boiler principle gas steam boiler with natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, fuel gas such as city gas as fuel, the combustion in the furnace heat put out by heating the pot water, and which is vaporized into steam energy conversion device. Water pan (drum) is continuously released from the combustion of a gaseous fuel energy to heat the furnace, raising the temperature and generating steam under pressure, since the boiling point of water with elevated pressure is raised, the pot is sealed, the water vapor inside the expansion pressure is generated is limited thermodynamic form (strictly speaking, water vapor in the boiler water is heated to a constant-pressure steam drum regasified saturated formed) is widely used as an energy source. Boiler and boiler shell consists of two main furnace and ensure accessories, ancillary equipment instrumentation, control and protection system safe and economic operation of its continuous constituted. This boiler is a boiler drum with a water cooling wall at about the subregional arrangements drum pyrotechnic two return pipe, before the folded portion of the drum front smoke box. Between the drum and the tank in connection with the downcomer tubes and water-cooled bi, constituting the frame of the combustion chamber. There upper steam separator drum to reduce the water vapor out of the tape. Pan heating surface of a lower portion of the drum, and the water cooling pipe bi pyrotechnic tube. The basic components of a steam boiler and a steam boiler operating principle is constituted by a series of devices can be roughly divided into two main parts and auxiliary equipment. The main components of the boiler are: 1. Furnace: fuel burn-up and ensures that the boiler outlet gas temperature to a value of convection heating surface cooled safe work; 2, economizer: utilizing the heat of the flue boiler feedwater heating, to reduce the exhaust gas temperature, fuel economy and functions. 3, the drum: the respective heating surface and joined together and the boiler water wall tubes and other components decreased water circulation circuit. Soda storage drum, can adapt to changes in load, with internal steam separator means to ensure the quality of soft drinks, no DC boiler drum. 4, water wall: mainly radiation heating surface of the boiler, the absorption of radiant heat furnace heated working fluid to protect the furnace wall and the like. 5, combustion equipment: the fuel and air required for combustion of the fuel into the furnace ignition and stable good combustion; 6, air preheater: heating the fuel with air, in order to enhance ignition and combustion; flue gas waste heat absorption, reduced exhaust tobacco temperature, increase boiler efficiency. 7, the furnace walls: a housing to protect the boiler, since sealing and insulation. Heavy furnace wall of the small boiler may also function as a support member boiler. 8, the frame: a support member and the fixing boilers, Purple east 15:33:06 boiler auxiliary equipment are: 1, the wind equipment: induced draft fan and chimney via the flue gas generated in boiler operation sent to the atmosphere. 2, dust removal equipment: removing fly ash in the boiler flue gas. 3, the fuel supply equipment: fuel storage and transportation functions. 4, water supply equipment: water pump water supply through the water into the boiler by the processing device to. 5. Dust Cleaner equipment: removing ash from the boiler and carried away. 6, the blower device: by the air blower after exports the furnace air preheater and a coal grinding device heating applications. 7, the automatic control device: automatic detection, process control, automatic protection and automatic adjustment. IMPORTANT boiler maintenance and a maintenance, water maintenance method 1. The boiler must be a qualified treatment, which is to extend the life of the boiler, ensure the safe operation of the gas and steam. 2. The water temperature should be close to the furnace temperature, preferably above 20 ℃. 3. The need for low-water cutoff periodically inspect maintenance and cleaning. Water Level Controller cleaned at least once a month, rinse water table at least once a day. Rinse water table should be at the highest level; after flushing the water level should not be less than the minimum safe level, not as a net wash, can wash many times, but it must be flushed at the highest level. 4. require periodic blowdown operation, daily (per shift) at least once, after the sewage drain valve should be checked whether the influence by dirt and leaks; if it must be excluded. 5. Shutdown the steam pressure is not maintained, the boiler will produce steam space negative pressure air entrapment, and therefore should rise again to the fire burning total steam valve is opened. 6. smoke tube fouling will lead to increased exhaust gas temperature, so that boiler efficiency is lowered, so that the fuel consumption increases, it should periodically open the front door, brushing or blow smoke tube fouling.
Features boilers are widely used in petroleum, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, light industry, building materials and so on. A low pressure, high temperature, safe, energy efficient features. Operating with complete control and monitoring of safety devices, the operating temperature can be precisely controlled. Reasonable structure, fully furnished, short installation period, easy operation and maintenance, ease of boiler arrangement. Since electric heating furnace Heat Transfer Fluid advanced explosion-proof structure, it can be used in factory area Ⅱ proof, explosion-proof grade C up to level. In recent years, due to the need for environmental protection and rising oil prices, many local governments and enterprises will be coal-water slurry fuel as a clean alternative to oil to be used. Especially in the small and medium industrial boilers. CWS boiler market development trend, there are two, one is modified in accordance with the way oil furnace coal boiler, namely the design (CWS oil boiler) on the basis of oil furnace system; one is in accordance with the bulk coal transformation of the way CWS boiler furnace, namely design (bulk coal water slurry boiler) scattered coal stove in the system. Before the existing oil-fired boilers plus pre-furnace. Advantages: high degree of automation, small volume, pleasing in appearance; disadvantages: complicated equipment, pre-furnace combustion pressure, high temperature, easy to ash fusion, pre-furnace coke, slag is very difficult, not suitable for continuous operation. The principle is the bulk coal boiler design, little change furnace, auxiliary substantially constant configuration parameters, the first half of the boiler combustion good, but the rear of the flue gas emission unreasonable, because different from the coal for coal-water slurry, coal slurry containing 34% to 38% moisture, so the contained amount of water vapor in the flue gas, so that dust desulfurizer two tails, induced draft fan and stack gray water condensation, clogging and corrosion. Excessive speed plus smoke, fine dust, very large friction, serious damage to the auxiliary equipment, continuous operation can not lead to a discharge portion, the discharge of non-compliance.
"Fast boiler furnace designed larger, flue gas recirculation provides a reliable guarantee of space. In the burner head design of the special role of combustion, high temperature flame at the outlet of the flue gas interference, be it in the furnace again achieve full combustion cycle (inner loop). this design helps fast boiler leading domestic level in boiler technology, ultra-low nitrogen oxide, the recent large-tonnage party fast brand integrated condensing boiler successful signing in Beijing, and successfully help China build the APEC summit venue. "Fang boiler fast technical director, said.
Food factory steam boiler should be noted that the ignition of the details need to pay attention when the details of the food factory steam boiler steam boiler ignition 1. food plant should be checked (including related accessories, Management) in front of a fire, and water supply. Before entering the water, the drain valve must be closed. Open air valve can discharge the boiler. 2, the treated water is slowly injected into the furnace, the inlet temperature is generally not higher than the boiler 40. When the water level rises to the minimum level of the water table, the water supply valve is closed, the stabilized boiler water level, the water level drops. With particular emphasis before the fire, you should check carefully the coal port and checkpoints in order to improve compliance with strict sealing conditions. Otherwise, it should clear the debris-side sealing surface, and a good gasket insertion, to ensure that meet strict sealing purposes. Since this is a forced air burner, during operation, gas leakage is not allowed, in order to avoid accidents. 3. When food factory fire steam boilers, open the bottom stoker grate and placed on the wood. After all the checkpoints closed, ignite the lighter. After strong fuel combustion, coal began to increase. When coal burning strong, continue to increase coal, closed after a stoker, hermetically sealed, turn the blower, so that coal continues to burn. burn. Strengthen the observation of the fire, the combustion gradually to normal.
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